Mục đích – Nghiên cứu nhằm kiểm tra tác động của di cư đối với chi tiêu tiêu dùng hộ gia đình ở Bangladesh.
Thiết kế/phương pháp/cách tiếp cận – Bài báo sử dụng các phương pháp đối chiếu chính xác thô để kiểm tra tác động nhân quả giữa di cư và phúc lợi hộ gia đình bằng cách sử dụng bộ dữ liệu về Khảo sát Thu nhập và Chi tiêu Hộ gia đình Bangladesh năm 2010 trên 12.213 hộ gia đình.
Kết quả – Nghiên cứu cho thấy di cư có tác động tích cực đến cải thiện phúc lợi hộ gia đình thông qua việc tăng chi tiêu tiêu dùng của họ. Các hộ gia đình có tình trạng di cư được cho là chi tiêu nhiều hơn cho các mặt hàng thực phẩm, phi thực phẩm (nhà ở, hàng hóa lâu bền, nhiên liệu, mỹ phẩm, dọn dẹp, vận chuyển, quần áo, thuế, bảo hiểm, giải trí) và y tế. Tuy nhiên, các tác giả không tìm thấy bất kỳ bằng chứng nào về tác động đối với chi tiêu giáo dục.
Hạn chế/ý nghĩa của nghiên cứu – Sự sẵn có của dữ liệu bảng và việc sử dụng các biến số khác (ví dụ: chi tiêu đầu tư của hộ gia đình, phân bổ ngân sách hộ gia đình cho chi phí đầu vào nông nghiệp, v.v.) sẽ có thể mang lại kết quả sống động.
Tính mới/giá trị – Bài báo này bổ sung vào tài liệu về di cư của người Bangladesh bằng cách đưa ra một đánh giá thực nghiệm mới về những người di cư Bangladesh và tác động của nó đối với phúc lợi hộ gia đình bằng cách dựa trên một mẫu hộ gia đình Bangladesh được xuất bản gần đây.
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- Further reading
- Acosta, P., Calderon, C., Fajnzylber, P. and Lopez, H. (2008), “What is the impact of international remittances on poverty and inequality in Latin America?”, World Development, Vol. 36 No. 1, pp. 89-114.
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The study aims to examine the impact of migration on household consumption expenditures in Bangladesh.
The paper uses coarsened exact matching methods to examine the causal impact between migration and household welfare using the dataset on Bangladesh Household Income and Expenditure Survey 2010 on 12,213 households.
The study reveals that migration has a positive impact on household welfare improvement through increases in their consumption expenditures. Households with migration status are found to spend more on food, non-food (housing, durable goods, fuel, cosmetics, cleaning, transport, clothing, taxes, insurance, recreation) items and medical. However, the authors do not find any evidence of impacts on education expenditures.
The availability of panel data and the use of other variables (e.g. household investment expenditures, household budget allocation for agricultural input expenses, etc.) would have been able to provide vivid results.
This paper adds to the Bangladeshi migration literature by offering a novel empirical assessment of the Bangladeshi migrants and its impact on household welfare by drawing upon a recently published, nationally representative sample of Bangladeshi households.